1 REPRESENTING OF WOMAN AND MAN ON TELEVISION NEWS Lecturer Yelda Özkoçak Istanbul Arel University, Communication Faculty, Prof.Dr. Neşe Kars Tayanç Istanbul University, Communication Faculty, Abstract Television which is indispensable in the information age has got ahead of education given by schools and parents as Postman said and fundamentally changed the way human beings perceive the reality with an advantage of being an audio visual tool by becoming the centre of learning and socialisation. In this sense hegemonic ideological discourse can reach a large mass easily and it can be adopted by them through television news. Even individuals who do not watch TV are exposed to the messages by means of television and affected by the messages in some way. Television gives several roles and values to women and men socially, politically economically and culturally when it is evaluated within the context of gender. In this way gender roles are generated again. Within this context we often encounter sexist metaphors in discussion related to television. Most feminists state that women are represented as if they were alien to social and political concerns in news bulletins, while male dominated ideological discourse evokes itself in the same context. This research which is based on the idea that television seriously affects people and the way they perceive life looks at the presentation of women and men in news bulletins broadcast by TV channels every day. In this sense the represent of women and men will be discussed in the most watched news bulletins on Kanal D, Fox and Atv according to TNS audience measuring data on randomly chosen dates November 19 and 21. Key words: Television, news bulletins, gender, woman and man Ideology on Television News Mass media create a field of discourse or strengthen it, which forms definitions of people with regards to their represents on one hand and form and limit the presumptions, attitudes and state of mind of society, in short, ideology on the other hand (Gitlin, 1980:2, 9). Ideology hypothesis of Althusser requires some certain subjects as the carrier. It creates the individual like an identity (a self send point) much rather than a duration in which the relationship of the individual for being re-represented in the social process he/she is present (Gitlin, 1980:123,140). Grame Burton states with regards to the cultural function of the mass media as; Media provides the information about the world for the audience... Mass media provide the materials that reflect our culture and becomes a part of it. This material maintains our culture and reflects it. This material develops the mass culture (Burton, 1995:83-84). Texts of mass media are the main areas, where basic social norms are articulated. Media images, which accumulates in the memory expresses what is normal and what is deviant. Ideological functioning lies within the patterns included in media texts. The ideology is not produced by ideologists, who have dedicated themselves only to this. The ideology could be present in daily lives of individuals, in definition of the common sense and within the construction process of reconciliation (Croteau and Hoynes, 2003: ). People, who are standard types, are continuously shown in standard roles in mass media and some certain patterns are represented to the audience through this way about society. These patterns on the other hand, incline human beings to see both themselves and others in some certain ways and they learn about whom and what to value and whom and what to stand up against (Larson, 2006:14) and therefore they construct some certain sighting forms. McQuail and Windhall, who carry out studies with regards to mass media theories, express as; Mass media not only has the direct influence on individuals but it also affects the culture, accumulation of the knowledge, norms and value judgement of society at the same time. It presents an array of images, thoughts and assessments, which could be used by the audience when they determine their own behaviour patterns (McQuail and Windhall, 1997:115). When mass media is mentioned, the first one that comes to mind is television. Television is accepted to be the most important mass media today. The feature of television, which makes it different from other mass media, is the fact that it can show the difference in terms of its power to influence society and the individual for reasons of its range of programme types, the music it includes within its programme structures and the fact that it holds sound and the moving images together. The ideological and symbolic world that is established by television creates some sorts of problems and formulates the agenda in some form, but it omits other problems on the agenda through linguistic and rhetoric ways, implicit corporate and linguistic presumptions and systems but not through clear censorship applications. Television creates or strengthens a legitimate discourse area, which forms the definitions of human beings with respect to their own represents on one hand and form and limit the presumptions, attitudes and mind of state of the society on the other hand (Gitlin, 1980:2,9). According to Stuart Hall, the television news programmes, which are the most important ones within the television news, tell us what is happening around us in plain language. It is a corporate sieve that transforms the event, as it is the raw material into the news that is the product. There are unseen factors, ideological and professional systems that decide which has the value of being the news and the news or information is always articulated and conveyed within these systems (Hall, 1980: ). It has been shown during the last analysis of the conveyance of the mass media which is about to form an ideological and symbolic world that is for the benefit of economic and political executives. However, this will be actualised not directly but indirectly, that is to say though language, visual and rhetorical mechanisms, through ideological and professional systems. Television News and Social Gender News programmes have importance because of the variety of the audience and since they address people from all walks of life, it has high rating levels and the news includes and covers constituents of all of the other programme types. News is a public domain activity and the whole of this activity belongs to men. Absence of women in the public domain makes way for identifying with the population of men in a natural way in terms of both the population it addresses and the subjects chosen as well (Fiske, 1989:284). The news is not only about the men and not only a montage that has been set up by them but it is also created through a male point of view. This situation determines the general discourse of the news by going beyond the person or the corporation that makes or produces the news. As for Fiske, John Hartley has also stated that the news is produced not only about the men and by the men but it is also produced through their own eyes (Hartley, 1987:146). The expression of Hartley is such that it represents the sex oriented approach that is included in many of the news programmes. Social gender is the dominance and the pecking order relationship from the past to the present. Mass media mediates politics that are used for the social gender relationship in this sense (Bhasin, 2003:2). While the gender is defined as the genetic, physiological and biological characteristics that are shown by the person as man and woman, the social gender represents roles and responsibilities of man and woman that are determined in social form. The social gender is 189
2 a definition that is related to how the society sees us as man and woman and not through the biological differences, to how society perceives us, how it thinks about us and in which way society expects us to behave (Akın, 2005:30). As it can be understood from this definition, in fact the social gender notion reflects the roles and responsibilities of both sexes, of woman and man that had been determined as socially and culturally, and it also reflects a notion that is related to how man and woman is perceived by society and how they are expected to behave. These roles and responsibilities that have been created for environments such as home and work are relayed over to the masses through the public medium. Gender roles within patriarchal societies have been traditionalised and internalised in Turkey. The patriarchal structure had determined personal characteristics, behaviour and sharing of the work for each one of the gender that is separated as man and woman. According to this, man has been associated with notions of being irritable, independent, self confident, active, logical, dominant and strong and woman has been associated with notions of being dependent, gentle, obedient, emotional, passive, irrational and being polite (Aktaran Fiske, 1997:203, Nelson, 1985). The patriarchal thought, which is based on the superiority of man, has also determined the roles of man and woman within society and placed woman on the private space mostly and man on the public space (Fiske, 1997:203). Mass media and especially television have an effective role on being able to move the masses towards a certain direction and on forming their conscious. There are symbolic constructional processes for functioning of the ideology on the mass media. These are; legitimising, rationalisation, making it universal and narrative, concealing/ mystic, permutation, making things mystic and metaphorical, liaison, standardisation and symbolisation of the union, fragmentation, diversification, substitution, dissolution of the other part, reification, naturalisation, making it eternal and simplified (Tompson, 1996:52). Mass media are establishments that reflect the social ideals, and the symbolic representations within these means would also change as these ideals change (Tuchman, 1978:3). While mass media and the television that constitute the scope of this work attract the general mass of audience in front of the screen through the images it produces as being based on certain patterns and make profit in general, it also caters for the social value expectation of the mass of audience at the same time. The possibility that sexual discrimination could subsist within the social relationships is dependent on the thoughts and images that are relayed over to individuals of society, through social establishments, in other words in every environment and content in which ideologies can survive as much as it is dependent on the arrangements that are imposed by the social establishments and on the form of functioning. Mass media, which is one of the ideological means of the state, provides for the spread and consolidation of the state ideology and the policy through the messages they convey (Althusser, 2003: ) The difference between public and private entrepreneurship also influences the understanding of television reporting in Turkey, where television broadcasts are organised by public and private establishments. Privately owned broadcast channels form news programmes with the purpose of reaching out to a larger audience, obtaining a bigger share of the advertising cake at the forefront through the understanding of reporting. When private entrepreneurs started broadcasting, it led to a structural change in television reporting. Commercial channels have a magazine type of structure that allows the entertainment content to dominate. Because the news is a part of the whole package, it must be integrated and also be entertaining. According to this new style of reporting, subjects, which are more insignificant can now be of more interest to the public. Therefore entertaining news programmes are created by emphasising the magazine style of structure for these subjects (Kars, 2004). The patriarchal system legitimises the social gender organisation, in other words one of the agents that carries over the sexual ideology as being assigned to legitimise the social gender organisation is constituted by the women, and the other by the men. Representing and representation forms of the woman within the public medium have been subject of many researches. Global Media Monitoring Project has been researching forms of representations in various countries since MEDIZ (Media Monitoring of Women) has also been researching the forms of women in the media in Turkey since These researches mostly show that women are represented as sex objects, objects of violence and in intrafamilial roles. Representing of Man and Woman in the Main News Bulletins in Turkey It is presupposed in this study that man has been represented as being related to the notions of irritable, independent, self confident, active, logical, dominant and strong in main news bulletins and woman as being related to the notions of dependent, gentle, submissive, emotional, passive, irrational and polite in the main news bulletins with regards to the roles of manhood and womanhood. According to the TNS audience measurement data between 19th and 21st November 2012 that had been chosen randomly, it has been researched for the most watched three main news bulletins (Kanal D Fox ATV) through the content analysis method as how both man and woman has been represented in roles of sex object, object of violence, tabloid subject and intrafamilial roles, the numerical data has been evaluated according to the content of the news. Findings Total number of news programmes on channels between 19th and 21st of November 2012 are as the following: Table 1: Total number of news Channel/Date November 19, 2012 November 20, 2012 November 21, 2012 Total FOX KANAL D ATV News that have been analysed Daily politics, economy, sports news have been excluded from the research in order that the representing with regards to the roles of manhood and womanhood could be determined and it has been pursued that the news studied had the feature of being able to be included within the news on life and that the subject had been the human being. Therefore, the study had been performed with regards to the role of man and woman in terms of being sexual object, object of violence, tabloid object and intrafamilial roles in the news bulletins. The number of news that has been evaluated within the life category between 19th and 21st of November 2012 according to the channels are as the following: Table 2: Total number of news evaluated according to channels within the life category Channel/Date November 19, 2012 November 20, 2012 November 21, 2012 Total Man Woman Man Woman Man Woman Man Woman FOX KANAL D ATV Representing of woman, who is the subject of the news, as being suitable for these definitions have been shown in the table below in figures: 190
3 Table 3: News whose subject was woman, evaluated according to channels within the life category KANAL D FOX ATV Total Sex object Object of violence Intrafamilial roles Tabloid object Representing of man, who is the subject of the news, as being suitable for these definitions have been shown in the table below in figures: Table 4: News, whose subject was man evaluated according to channels within the life category KANAL D FOX ATV Total Sex object Subject of violence Interfamilial roles Tabloid object It has been determined that the individual, as the object of the news, has been represented as the subject of the violation in news, which was related to the relation of man with other men and not as the object of violation. Therefore, subject of violation has been preferred instead of object of violation for the category that had been formed for men. Conclusion In this chapter (as mentioned above), analysis of the three day news bulletins on three TV channels, was evaluated within the framework of the categories formed with regards to the represent of women and men. According to this analysis, women as the subject of the news were represented in intrafamilial roles in 20 out of 47 news articles, tabloid objects in 19, sex objects in 4 and objects of violence in 4. On the chosen dates, while the subjection of woman was represented as a tabloid object in 13 news articles on Fox TV main news bulletin this rate is quite low on Kanal D (in 2 news articles) and Atv (in 4 news articles) main news bulletins. Woman again was represented in intrafamilial roles with the most (in 9 news articles) on Fox TV main news bulletin. Woman is not represented as a sex object on Kanal D main news bulletin. However on Fox TV and Atv main news bulletins woman was represented as a sex object twice. Looking at man as the subject in 76 news articles was represented mostly as a tabloid object (in 48 news articles) and least as a sex object (in 1 news articles). As in the presentation of woman, man was also highly represented as a tabloid object (in 31 news) on Fox TV. Man is represented in intrafamilial roles in 10 news articles on Fox TV, 5 on Kanal D and 2 on Atv. Women were represented as object of violence in 4 news articles in total while men are in the represent of causing violence. All three channels main news bulletins covered on November 19 and 21 the funeral of the soldiers who were killed in Şemdinli showing the footage of the martyr s mother who was lamenting for the dead, crying and hugging the coffin. Woman was represented as a suffering mother who had lost her son, and the wives of the martyrs represented as sad wives who were carrying their child in their arms. All the main news bulletins covered the illness of a popular name in Turkish arabesque and folklore songs, Müslüm Gürses, his wife Muhterem Nur was represented as a woman in mourning for her husband in these news. In one other news broadcast by Fox TV on November 21, the mother of a seventeen year old national skier who died on the piste was represented as a suffering mother in the category of intrafamilial roles. A minibus driver who had crashed into a seven year old boy named Ahmet Rasim escaped following the accident was released after a seven month imprisonment. Rasim had died before he could give the picture he had painted for his mother on Mothers Day. The fact that Rasim s mother would not be able to live with this pain was in one news article in the main news bulletins on Fox TV on November 19. Woman here is seen to have been represented in the category of intrafamilial roles, again as a suffering mother. News about the killing of a young girl named Fatmagül who was described as an unfortunate young girl and if she had not gone to meet a man she would not have been killed was covered by Atv and Fox main news bulletins on November 21. Fox TV main news bulletins on November 21 featured the killing of Aslı Baş, a former Miss Turkey both emphasising the beauty of woman and representing woman as a victim again. Woman was represented as a sex object in the news about the women s rights group Femen who had raided a protest in Paris organized by the Catholics against the legalization of gay marriage. Several statements were in the news articles such as beat the Femen girls and Catholics chase the topless protestors emphasising that the Femen girls were topless on Atv and Fox TV main news bulletins on November 19. News that 65 thousand TL was stolen from an estate agent s car was covered by Fox TV main bulletins on November 21. This news was an example of the representation of woman as a tabloid object by emphasising that the estate agent was a woman with the headline woman estate agent s one moment of inattentiveness cost her a fortune. As it can be seen from news examples of the 4 categories: sex object, object of violence, tabloid object and intrafamilial roles woman was represented most frequently as a mother/wife in intrafamilial roles (20) and a tabloid object (19) in the 3 channels news bulletins. They were described as dependent, gentle, obedient, emotional, passive, and irrational. Man was represented as a tabloid object in 48 news articles for causing motoring violation, fraud, theft, committing crimes in a round-about way, female obsession and cowardice, and it was followed by undertaking the father role who was claiming his rights for his martyred child and sick children. Man was represented as a husband in only 2 news articles and in the category of intrafamilial roles man was represented as strong and hegemonic in news about martyrdom. In other news with the same representing, 2 men, one from Colombia and the other from the USA who were saving women from natural disasters reported in the news (in different news bulletins). Man was represented as causing violence in the news broadcast with a headline brawl between the police and Galatasaray fans on Kanal D, ATV and Fox TV main news bulletins on November 20. Man was again represented as the subject of violence on Fox TV when a man was beaten up and left by the side of the road. Kanal D main news bulletins covered a story about a boy who killed and buried his father in Denizli because he had been agonized. Representing of man as a sex object was only seen once in all of the news bulletins. It is in this news that in the Italian Men s Handball League one of the players kissed a rival player who was close marking him, the kissed player - over the audience s cheering - then took off his shorts and showed his male genitalia (the footage was pixelated. However it was clear what he was doing). It is seen that man was represented as a tabloid object on 3 different TV channels in different news bulletins where he causes accidents through motoring violation. Man was also featured in stories of fraud, theft, committing crimes in a round-about way, female obsession, cowardice and as a subject of violence in 9 news articles in total. Thus it is reiterated in the analysed news articles that male dominated system attributes terms such as ill tempered, independent, active, rational, hegemonic and strong to man. In the news headlines and leads a sexist point of view is regenerated with such discourses if she had not gone to meet him she would have not been killed, Catholics chase the topless protesters and woman estate agent s one moment of inattentiveness cost her a fortune. It is legitimated and based on a right reason, and society is made to remain unresponsive to these discourses. 191
4 Both woman and man are represented in stereotypical roles imposed by gender on TV news articles when they are the subject of the stories and women are wrongly portrayed when social structure is considered. Women are represented mostly as victims, more sorrowful and weaker than men. In conclusion it is not wrong to say that people are directed to represent both themselves and others by the male dominated social ideology, which is imposed on mass through the news in the most watched bulletins over a three day analysis. References AKIN, Ayşe, (2005). Toplumsal Cinsiyet Ve Sağlığa Etkileri, Ankara, Sağlık Bakanlığı Ana Çocuk Sağlığı Ve Aile Planlaması Genel Müdürlüğü Yayınları. ALTHUSSER, Louis, (2003). İdeoloji ve Devletin İdeolojik Aygıtları; çev. Alp Tümertekin, İstanbul: İthaki Yayınları. BHASIN, Kamla, (2003). Toplumsal Cinsiyet: Bize Yüklenenler, İstanbul, Kadınlarla Dayanışma Vakfı Yayınları. BURTON, Graeme, (1995). Görünenden Fazlası: Medya Analizlerine Giriş, İstanbul: Alan Yayıncılık. CROTEAU David, HOYNES, William, (2003). Media Society: Industries, Images, and Audiences, 3 rd edtion, California, Pine Forges Press. FISKE, John, (1997). Television Culture, Patstow Cornuall, T.J. Press. FISKE, John, (1989). News, History and Undisciplined Events, London, New York, Routledge Press. GITLIN, Todd, (1980). The Whole World is Watching: Mass Media in the Making & Unmaking of the New Left, Berkeley, University of California Press. HALL Stuart, (1980). Encoding/Decoding in the Television Discourse, Ed: S.Hall vd., Culture, Media and Language, Essex: The Anchor Press. HARTLEY, John, (1987). Understanding News, ed. John Fiske, London-NewYork: Routledge. KARS, Neşe, (2004). Televizyon lerinde Kadının Konumu, 2nd International Symposium Communication in the Millennium, University of Texas at Austin, Anadolu University, İstanbul University, March LARSON, Stephanie G., (2006). Media & Minorities: The Politics of Race in News and Entertainment, Maryland, Rowman & Littlefield,, (Çevrimiçi) s, MCQUAIL, Denis, WİNDAHL, Sven, (1997). Kitle İletişim Modelleri, Ankara, İmge Kitabevi. TOMPSON, John B., (1996). Ideology and Modern Culture, 4.t. Bodmin Cornuall, (Great Britain), Hautnolls Ltd. TUCHMAN, Gaye, (1978). Making News: A Study in a Construction of Reality, London, Free Press. APPENDIX: News in Main newscast on chosen days and television channels ATV Main Newscast Kasım Kasım Kasım 2012 İsrail'in Gazze saldırılarında 2kameramanın hayatını kaybettiği bildirildi. Hakkari'de şehit düşen 5asker Van'da düzenlenen törenin ardında memleketlerine gönderildi. 8.Avrsaya İslam Şuras'ında Erdoğan BM'yi İsrail'in saldırılarına sessşz İsrail'in Gazze saldırılarında 6.günde ölü sayısı 100'ü geçti. Suriye'deki çatışmalrdan ötürü Şanlıurfa-Ceylanpınar'da eğitime 1gün ara verildi. Suriye'de muhaliflerin Rasulayn kentinde PKK'nın uzantısı PYD ile çalıştığı belirtildi. Beşir Atalay, açlık grevlerinin bitmesinden dolayı hükümetin memnuniyetini ifade etti Oktay Vural,Öcalan ile müzakere yapılabilir açıklamalarına tepki gösterdi. İst. Maltepe'de DHKP-C'ye yönelik operasyonda 13örgüt üyesinin gözaltına alındığı öğrenildi. Gül, şili cumhurbaşkanı adına köşkte akşam yemeği verdi. Büyükelçileri kabul etti.mhp'nin MYK kadrosu Gül'ü ziyaret etti. Mehmet Ali Şahin Belediyeler Yasası ile ilgili Gül'e bilggi verdi. TRT İstanbul Radyo binasının BM'ye kiralanacağı iddiası üzerine sanatçılar protesto etti. Umut Akyürek'te vardı. Fransa'da eşcinsel evllikleri rpostesto eden gruba karşı eylem yapan kadın hakları savunucusu Femen grubu dayak yedi. Ankara'da bir kadının aracını gasp eden 3hırsız yakalandı. Şehit düşen 5asker Van'daki törenin ardından memleketlerine gönderildi. İsrail'in Gazze saldırılarında 7.günde ölü sayısı 120'yi geçti. Davutoğlu Gazzeye gitti. Ateşkes olabileceğini belirtti. Erdoğan, uluslararsı kamuyunun Gazze'deki saldırılara sessiz Kılıçdaroğlu,Erdoğan'ın fiili olarak birşeyler yapması gerektiğini söledi. IrakMrez Yön. Petrolleri paylaşmayan k.ırak'a uyarı için asker sevkiyatı yaptığı, karşılığındada k.irak'ın peşmerge sevkiyatı yaptığı öğrenildi. Suriye'de yaralann kadın ve çocukalrın Türkiye'ye geişine izin verildi. Bahçeli,Öcalan'la müzakere edilebilir açıklamalrına tepki gösterdi. Demirtaş, PKK ile hükümet yetkililerinin müzakare ederek çözüm için hareket edilmesi gerektiğini ifade etti. Kenan Evren ve Tahsin Şahinkaya hastaneden telekonferansla mahkemeye ifade verdi. İstanbul Mecidiköy'deki şüpheli çanta fünyeyele patlatıldı. 192 A. Dvutoğlu Filistinli babaya destek olurken ağladı. 8.günde ölü sayısı 140ı geçti. Tel-aviv'de bombalı saldırı sonucu otobüste 18kişi yaralndığı, Gazze'de ise hava saldırısından 5kişinin ölüğü belirtildi. Filistin ile İsrail arasında ateşkes sağlandı Hamas üyeleri 6kişiyi infaz etti Dışişleri Bakanlığının NATo'dan patriot füze talep ettiği örenildi. Başbakan Erdoğan, Kemal Kılıçdaroğluna cevap verdi. B. Arınç,M. İnce'ye cevap verdi. İnce, Meral Akşenere'e dokunulmazlığının kaldırılmasını istedini söledi. Muharrem Ayı yemeğine Bekir Bozdağ,Haşim Kılıç,Veysel Eroğlu katıldı. Kenan Evren ve Tahsin şahinkaya hastaneden telekonferansla mahkemeye ifade verdi. Evinde ölü bulunan Fatmanur'un katili tarafından 3yıldır takip edildiği ortaya çıktı. Kadına yönelik şiddetle mücadelede, askerler de eğitilecek.ilk derse Fatma Şahin de katıldı. Karamanda kayıp 3kişinin cesedi bulundu
5 Muğla'da meydana gelen kazada araç kıyafet mağazasına girdi,2kişi yaralandı. Sakarya'da meydana gelen kazada 2kşi öldü,2kişi yaralandı. Müslüm Gürses yoğun bakıma alındı. Jennifer Lopez Ataşehir'de ev satın aldı. Gıda-Tarım ve Hayvan Ba. Afişe 8doğal gıda ürünü için sağlığa zararlı uyarısında bulundu İtalya'da hentbol maçında oyuncunun diğerini öpmesi üzerine kavga çıktı. ABD müzik ödüllerinde Justin Biber 3ödül aldı. Gs taraftarı ile polis arasında arbede yaşanadı. İstanbul, Bağcılar'da bir tekstil fabrıkası olan iş adamı öldürüldü Konya-Meram'daki kazada sürücü aracından fırlayarak yaralandı Cemil Özeren hayatını kaybetti Müslüm Gürses'in durumu ciddiyetini koruyor A.M.Işıkara yoğun bakıma alındı Jennifer Lopez Ataşehir'de ev satın aldı. Adana da aramalrda otobüslerde kesici ve yaralayıcı alet bulundu Beyoğluna üst geçit sorunu. Cemil özeren toprağa verildi Papa yeni kitabında İsa'nın bilnennden 6yıl daha önce doğduğunu öne sürdü. Faruk Çelik, intibak farklarının 2013ocak ayında dağıtılacağını belirtti. Süper loto, 20milyon ikramiye verecek. Avrupa oyuncak ve çocuk müzeleri, İst oyuncak müzesi öncülüğnde istada biraraya geldi. Geceye sunay akın, ertuğrul günay, halit kıvanç katıldı. Fox Tv Main Newscast Kasım Kasım Kasım 2012 İsrail'in Gazze saldırılarında 6.günde ölü Şırnak'ta PKK ilr çatışma çıktı. Tayyip Erdoğan, K.ıraktaki petrol sayısı 100'ü geçti. gerginliğini değerlendirdi. 8.Avrsaya İslam Şuras'ında Erdoğan Diyarbakır'da PKK operasyonunda 6terörist Suriye İst. Kon. Önünde Cüneyt BM'yi İsrail'in saldırılarına sessşz yakalndı. Ünal'ında bulunduğu gazeteciler Beşar kadumi'nin serbest bırakılması için eylem düzenlediler. Suriye tarafından düşürülen savaş uçağında füze algılayıcı sistemin bulunmadığı ve uçağın bundan düştüğü öne sürüldü.hava Kuv.Kom. Mehmet Eren'in istifa ettiği Necdet Özel'in kabul etmediği iddia edildi. Suriye'de esir tutulan Cüneyt Ünal'ı kurtarmaya giden CHP'li vekilllerin Beşar Esad ile görüşmeleri sırasında,esad'ın 4kentin kntrolünü PKK uzantısı olan PYD'ye verdiğini söylediği beirtildi. Suriye'de esir tutulan Cüneyt Ünal, CHP li vekillerin girişmiyle serbest kaldı. Adalet Bakanlığı yeni düzenlemeyle özel izinle çıkan mahkumlara geceyi evde geçirme hakkı verileceği belirtildi. Oğlunun cenazesi için izin verilen Fatih Hilmioğlu'na geceyi cezevinde geçirme zorunluğu getirlmesi tepki çekmişti. Hasta taşıyan ambulans Beyoğlu'nda trafikte uzun süre kaldı. Geçen yıl Adriyatik Denizi'nde çapışan iki Türk gemisinin telsiz kayıtlarına göre Ankara feribotunun kaptan köşkünde kadınların olduğu belirtildi. Sakarya'da köpekten korkan vatandaş elindeki silahla 1kadını ve bir köpeği yaraladı. Adana'da hırsız evden ayakkabı ve kıyafet çaldı. Eski Çalışma Bakanı İ. Aykut'un parası havaalanında çalındı. Amerika'daki tarafik kazasında araçta sıkışan bebek vatandaşlar tarafından kurtarıldı Muğla'da meydana gelen kazada araç kıyafet mağazasına girdi,2 kişi yaralandı. Gaziantep'te bankadan para çeken Mehmet Şirinci soyuldu. Balkondan düşerek can veren 23 yaşındaki anaokulu öğretmeni toprağa verildi.kadının sevgilisi, ölmeden cin Şehit düşen 5 asker Van'daki törenin ardından memleketlerine gönderildi. Erdoğan,pkK ile mit'in müzakerelere başlayabileceğini ima etti. IrakMrez Yön. Petrolleri paylaşmayan k.ırak'a uyarı için asker sevkiyatı yaptığı, karşılığındada k.irak'ın peşmerge sevkiyatı yaptığı öğrenildi. Kenan Evren ve Tahsin şahinkaya hastaneden telekonferansla mahkemeye ifade verdi. Türkiye'ye gelen ve konsere katılan 21yaşındaki Sevil Sevimli'nin yurtdışı yasağı devam ediyor. Bursa'da açlık greivini destekleyen BDP'lilere tepki gösterirken başından yaralan genç yoğun bakıma alındı. Hindistan'daki dünü festivalde elektirkelr kesilince yaşanan izdihamda 18 kişi öldü. Hasta taşıyan ambulans Beyoğlu'nda trafikte uzun süre kaldı. İstanbul,Bağcılar'da polisle çatışan zanlı kaçtı. Milli Savunma Bak. Elektirkte kayıp-kaçak bedelinin vatandaştan kesilmemesi için yargıtay'a başvurdu Kolombiya'da etili olan yağışlarda bir kadın ölüme direndi. A.M.Işıkara yoğun bakıma alındı. İstanbul, Okmeydan'ında bir adam dövülerek yol kenarına atıldı. 193 Kenan Evren ve Tahsin şahinkaya hastaneden telekonferansla mahkemeye ifade verdi. Sırrı S.Önder biber gazı kullanımına tepki gösterdi,emine ü. Tarhan, şahin'e tepki gösterdi. Bülent Arınç, Muharrem İnce'ye cevap verdi. İnce, Meral Akşenere'e dokunulmazlığının kaldırılmasını istedini söledi. Faruk Çelik, intibak farklarının 2013 ocak ayında dağıtılacağını belirtti. CHP'li Mevlüt Aslanoğlu hükümet aleyhine pankart astı. Süper loto, 20milyon ikramiye verecek. Rusya'da etkili olan kar yağışı trafik kazalarına sebep oldu. İst. Üsküdar'da polis motrsikletiyle çarpışan doktor sürücü yanlış kaza raporu tutuduğunu idda etti. Cep telefonu çalındı diye halk otobüsü arandı. Hırsızlar polis tarafından yakalandı. dolandırıcıların beleiye yetkilisi gibi bina sahiplerinden para istedikleri ortaya çıktı Van'da polise ve eylemciye teşekkür ödülü verildi. Muğla'da kazada 1 kadın öldü. 17 yaşındaki milli kayakçı Aslı Nemutlu'nun ölümüyle sonuçlanan kaza ile ilgili dava başladı.