1 PROSES KAPASİTESİ ( BİTMİŞ MAMUL ÜRETİMİ ) TÜRKİYE PLASTİK SEKTÖR PROFİLİ 2013 İtibariyle 8,1 Milyon Ton BİTMİŞ MAMUL ÜRETİM DEĞERİ 34 Milyar $ EKONOMİYE SAĞLANAN KATMA DEĞER 13 Milyar $ SEKTÖRÜN PROSES KAPASİTESİ BÜYÜME HIZI % 13,5 AB ÜLKELERİ İÇİNDE DURUMU DÜNYA PLASTİK SEKTÖRÜNDEKİ YERİ KAPASİTE KULLANIMI % 73 İSTİHDAM SEKTÖRÜN TOPLAM MAKİNE TEÇHİZAT YATIRIMI FİRMA SAYISI YABANCI SERMAYELİ FİRMA SAYISI Almanya dan sonra ikinci sırada PROSES KAPASİTESİ : 7.nci sırada İHRACAT : % 1,3 İTHALAT : % 1, kişi yıllarında ortalama : 6,4 milyar $ 743 Milyon Dolar ( % 80 İthalat ) PAGDER Kayıtları Firma PLASFED Üyesi Derneklerin Bulunduğu İllerde 252 Firma ( İlk 5 - % 45 ) Almanya, İtalya, Fransa, Hollanda, İran PLASTİK MAMUL YURTİÇİ TÜKETİM Plastik Mamul : 7,2 milyon ton 32,7 milyar $ KİŞİ BAŞINA PLASTİK TÜKETİMİ TÜKETİMİN SEKTÖREL DAĞILIMI PLASTİK HAMMADDE ÜRETİMİ 93 Kg / Kişi AMBALAJ : % 40 İNŞAAT : % 22 ELEKTRİK ELEKTRONİK : % 10 TARIM : % 6 TEKSTİL : % 4 OTOMOTİV : % 4 DİĞERLERİ : % Ton PLASTİK HAMMADDE DE İTHAL BAĞIMLILIĞI Toplamda : % 87 DOĞRUDAN IHRACAT EN ÇOK İHRACAT YAPAN 9.UNCU SEKTÖR PLASTİK HAMMADDE ton 1,03 milyar $ PLASTİK MAMUL 1,5 Milyon Ton 4,6 milyar $ TOPLAM SEKTÖR 2,1 Milyon Ton 5,6 milyar $ ITHALAT PLASTİK HAMMADDE 5,2 milyon ton 9,5 milyar $ PLASTİK MAMUL ton 2,9 milyar $ TOPLAM SEKTÖR 5,7 milyon ton 12,4 milyar $ DIŞ TİCARET AÇIĞI / FAZLASI PLASTİK HAMMADDE 4,6 milyon ton 8,5 milyar $ ( Dış Ticaret Açığı )
2 PLASTİK MAMUL TOPLAM SEKTÖR PLASTİK MAMUL KG BAŞINA DIŞ TİCARET FİYATLARI İTHALAT YAPILAN İLK 5 ÜLKE PLASTİK HAMMADDE PLASTİK MAMUL İHRACAT YAPILAN İLK 5 ÜLKE PLASTİK HAMMADDE PLASTİK MAMUL 1 Milyon ton 1,7 milyar $ ( Dış Ticaret Fazlası ) 3,,6 milyon ton 6,8 milyar $ ( Dış Ticaret Açığı ) Ortalama İhraç Fiyatı : 3,0 $ / KG Ortalama İthalat Fiyatı : 5,4 $ / Kg S.Arabistan, Almanya, Belçika, G.Kore, ABD Çin, Almanya, İtalya, Fransa, Güney Kore Almanya, Rusya, İtalya, Mısır, İran Irak, Almanya, Rusya,,Azerbaycan, İngiltere
3 HIGHLIGHTS 2013 As one of the youngest and the most rapidly developing industries of Turkish manufacturing industry, Turkish plastics industry, even during the global economic crisis, has continued to grow above the GNP growth in Turkey. Growth rate of the industry more than doubled the GNP growth rate for the last 10 years. Turkish plastics Industry has grown by an annual average of 10,8 % during period and 9,4 for the last 4 years. With 8,1 million tons of processing capacity, Turkish plastics industry shares 2,8 % of world plastics production which makes Turkey the 7th biggest producer in the world and 2nd in European Union after Germany. The industry comprises of nearly companies operating in the industry which are producing and supplying inputs to the main exporter industries such as automotive, electrics, electronics, packaging, textile, construction etc. and are producing plastics and rubber processing machines and equipments. Around 99 % of the companies comprises of small and medium sized enterprises. As of 2012, 44 plastics converters take place among the first 1000 biggest firms in TurkIsh Manufacturing Industry. Their share in total production and exports in total Industry are decreasing. The primary industries shaping the domestic consumption are packaging and construction materials as it is in the world and EU. The consumption ratios are about 40 % for packaging, 22 % for construction whereas the other industries hold a ratio between 4-10 %. The industry invested worth of USD billion 6,4 between The average investment of last 3 years amounted as USD million 800. As of 2013, 230 companies have foreign shareholders. As far as the distribution of the foreign capital is concerned, Germany leads the way with 17 % and is followed by Italy with 10 %. Turkey is below the saturation point with about 80 Kg of domestic consumption per capita comparing with developed countries. This shows Turkish plastics industry has high potential demand high potential growth fort he future. In spite of the rapid growth trend enjoyed by plastics production, consumption and exports in Turkey, the domestic plastic raw material production capacity fails to meet the growing demand. Consequently, about 87 % of the plastic raw material demand is met by imports. The majority of plastics finished-products manufactured by using modern production technologies are exported in Turkey. The industry s direct exports in 2013 amounted to a total of about USD 5,6 billion comprising of about USD 1,0 billion of raw materials and USD 4,6 billion of finished-products. Indirect exports realized as USD 6,4 billion in Turkey exports plastics products to more than 150 countries. Iraq, Germany, Russian Fed.
4 Azerbaijan and UK are the top 5 countries with the greatest share in Turkey s plastic product exports in In 2013, the first 10 countries accounted for 52 % of total plastics product exports. Turkish government has prepared an export vision statement, having goals to be reached by 2023, covering all the industries. According to this statement, chemistry industry, which includes the plastics, is expected to export goods worth $50 billion in 2023 and of this amount, 51% ($22,5 billion) is expected to be actualised by plastics and rubber industries. Plastics exports will share USD billion 17 of total chemistry exports of 50 billion $ TOTAL PROCESS CAPACITY PRODUCTION VALUE VALUE ADDED TO MACRO ECONOMY TURKISH PLASTIC INDUSTRY PROFILE BY 2013 GROWTH RATE % 13,5 POSITION BY PROCESS CAPACITY 8,1 MILLION TON 34 BILLION USD 13 USD BILLION EMPLOYMENT NO OF COMPANIES OPERATING NO OF FOREIGN COMPANIES DOMESTIC CONSUMPTION PER CAPITA CONSUMPTION PLASTICS PRODUCTION BY INDUSTRIES IMPORT DEPENDENCY (SHARE OF IMPORTS) EXPORTS TOTAL EXPORTS RAW MATERIALS EXPORTS END PRODUCTS EXPORTS INDIRECT EXPORTS BY EXPORTS BY EXPORTER INDUSTRIES TOTAL FOREIGN CURRENCY EARNINGS SHARE OF INDUSTRY EXPORTS IN TOTAL CHEMICAL EXPORTS SECOND AFTER GERMANY IN EU SEVENTH IN WORLD % 98 SME 252 FIRMS FISRT 5 : GERMANY, ITALY, FRANCE, NETHERLANDS, IRAN 7,2 MILLION TON - 32,7 BILLION USD 93 KG PACKAGING : % 40 BUILDING & CONSTRUCTION : % 22 ELECTRICS & ELECTRONICS : % 10 AGRICULTURE : % 6 TEXTILE : % 4 AUTOMOTIVE : % 4 OTHERS : % 14 PE: % 78 PP: % 94 PVC: % 85 PET: % 48 PS: % 91 OTHERS: % 100 TOTAL: % 87 2,1 MILLION TONS 5,6 BILLION USD TONS 1,03 BILLION USD 1,5 MILLION TONS 4,6 BILLION USD 6,4 USD BILLION 12 USD BILLION 30 %
5 5 MAJOR EXPORT MARKETS PLASTICS RAW MATERIALS PLASTICS END PRODUCTS IMPORTS TOTAL IMPORTS GERMANY, RUSSIAN FED., ITALY, EGYPT, IRAN IRAQ, GERMANY, RUSSIAN FED. AZERBAIJAN, UK 5,7 MILLION TON - 12,4 BILLION USD PLASTIC RAW MATERIALS 4,6 MILLION TON 8,5 BILLION USD (DEFICIT ) PLASTICS END PRODUCTS 5 MAJOR IMPORT MARKETS PLASTIC RAW MATERIALS PLASTICS END PRODUCTS FOREIGN TRADE SURPLUS/DEFICIT 0,5 MILLION TON - 2,9 BILLION USD S. ARABIA, GERMANY, BELGIUM, S.KOREA, USA CHINA, GERMANY, ITALY, FRANCE, S.KOREA TOTAL 3,6 MILLION TON 6,8 BILLION USD (DEFICIT ) PLASTIC RAW MATERIAL PLASTIC END PRODUCTS MACHINERY AND EQUIPMENT INVESTIMENT OF THE INDUSTRY 5,02 MILLION TON - 8,95 BILLION USD (DEFICIT) 1,0 MILLION TON - 1,7 BILLION USD (SURPLUS) 732 MILLION USD ( % 80 OF WHICH IMPORTED )
6 FİRMA SAYISI ÜRETİM TÜRKİYE PLASTİK İŞLEME MAKİNALARI SEKTÖR PROFİLİ 2013 İtibariyle ÜRETİM ARTIŞ HIZI % 9 DÜNYA PLASTİK İŞLEME MAKİNALARI DIŞ TİCARETİ İÇİNDEKİ PAYI 598 : % 78 i ISTANBUL DA TOPLAM 339 MİLYON DOLAR ENJEKSİYON 20 MİLYON DOLAR EKSTRÜZYON 63 MİLYON DOLAR TERMOFORM 36MİLYON DOLAR PRESLER VE DİĞER MAKİNALAR 153 MİLYON DOLAR AKSAM VE PARÇALAR 68 MİLYON DOLAR İTHALAT PAYI = % 2 İHRACAT PAYI = % 0,3 İTHALAT EN ÇOK İTHALAT YAPILAN 5 ÜLKE İHRACAT EN ÇOK İHRACAT YAPILAN 5 ÜLKE DIŞ TİCARET AÇIĞI İÇ PAZAR SATIŞLARI ( SEKTÖRÜN MAKİNA VE TEÇHİZAT YATIRIMI ) BİRİM İTHAL VE İHRAÇ FİYATLARI TOPLAM 527 MİLYON DOLAR ENJEKSİYON 161 MİLYON DOLAR EKSTRÜZYON 96 MİLYON DOLAR ŞİŞİRME = 21 MİLYON DOLAR TERMOFORM 24 MİLYON DOLAR PRESLER VE DİĞER MAKİNALAR 181 MİLYON DOLAR AKSAM VE PARÇALAR 43 MİLYON DOLAR ALMANYA, ÇİN, İTALYA, AVUSTURYA, TAYVAN TOPLAM 134 MİLYON DOLAR ENJEKSİYON 10 MİLYON DOLAR EKSTRÜZYON 31 MİLYON DOLAR TERMOFORM 14 MİLYON DOLAR PRESLER VE DİĞER MAKİNALAR 61 MİLYON DOLAR AKSAM VE PARÇALAR 17 MİLYON DOLAR RUSYA FED., IRAN, ALMANYA, BULGARİSTAN, ROMANYA TOPLAM 393 MİLYON DOLAR ENJEKSİYON 151 MİLYON DOLAR EKSTRÜZYON 31 MİLYON DOLAR TERMOFORM 14 MİLYON DOLAR PRESLER VE DİĞER MAKİNALAR 61 MİLYON DOLAR AKSAM VE PARÇALAR 17 MİLYON DOLAR TOPLAM : 527 MİLYON DOLAR ENJEKSİYON 161 MİLYON DOLAR EKSTRÜZYON 65 MİLYON DOLAR ŞİŞİRME = 21 MİLYON DOLAR TERMOFORM 10 MİLYON DOLAR PRESLER VE DİĞER MAKİNALAR 120 MİLYON DOLAR AKSAM VE PARÇALAR 26 MİLYON DOLAR İTHAL FİYATI : 12,4 $/ KG İHRAÇ FİYATI : 11,9 $ / KG
7 Turkish Plastics Processing Machineries Industry HIGHLIGHTS 2013 The plastics industry, in parallel with the increase in its processing capacity, invests in machines and equipments with an increasing trend every year. The machine and equipment investments of the industry, which were USD million 288 in 2003, peaked in 2011 with USD million 885. The total machine equipment investments within realised as 6,4 billion USD and the avarage investments of the last 3 years as 800 million USD. The37 % of the said amount was formed by presses and other machinesi 24 % of by injections, % 18 of by extrusion, % 11 of by equipments and % 10 by termoform and blowmoldin mavhines. Turkey, is in a situation that it cannot meet the % of the demand for plastics processing machines, accessories and parts through imports, is a net importer regarding the aforementioned manufactures and cannot provide enough added value with low export prices when compared to the developed countries. While the plastics industry is developing swiftly, the production of plastics processing machines are not developing in parallel with the said manner and the industry is continuously losing its ground due to cheap plastics machines producer countries, particularly China. The gradual downsizing in the plastics processing machine industry in Turkey Plastics is caused by the fact that there is not a state strategy towards the processing machines industry, the domestic manufacturers are not protected enough and that the plastics product manufacturers prefer cheap and second hand machine imports in order to get the edge over competition. A manufacture of USD million 339, imports of USD million 527, exports of USD million 134 and domestic market sales of USD million 732 (machines and equipment investment of plastics industry) occurred in the plastics processing machines and their accessories and parts industry in It can be observed that the 72 % of the domestic sales were provided by imports, that the 39 % of the total production was exported and that the export coverage ratio of import was 25 % for the plastics processing machines and their accessories and parts industry in SUPPLY AND DEMAND EQUILIBRIUM FOR PLASTICS PROCESSING MACHINESİ ( USD Million ) % Artış 2013 / 2012 Production Imports Exports Domestic Sales Foreign Trade Deficit Exports / Production ( % ) Imports / Domestic Sales ( % ) Exports / Imports ( % ) 21 25