1 JOURNAL OF THE BLACK SEA STUDIES EDITORIAL PRINCIPLES Karadeniz Araştırmaları (Journal of the Black Sea Studies) is published quarterly as winter/january, spring/april, summer/july and fall/october by the Center for the Black Sea Studies (KaraM). Annual index of the journal is published every year in winter issues. It is distributed to subscribers of every kind within the first month of publication. Karadeniz Araştırmaları is a peer-reviewed journal. Submitted essays are examined by the editorial board in terms of principles of the journal, and approved ones are sent to two referees of the concerning scientific area. Authors and referees never know names of each other. Reports are kept at least for three years. In the cases when one of the reports is positive and the other negative, essay is sent to a third referee or the editorial board may decide as the third side, considering the both reports. Authors are to take critiques and suggestions of the board and referees into consideration. When they disagree with the board or referees, they may object by expressing reasons. Rejected essays are not resent to authors. Copyright of the essays published in Karadeniz Araştırmaları are accepted as given to the Center for the Black Sea Studies (KaraM). Responsibility of views in published essays and writing preferences belong the authors. Texts and illustrated material can be cited by referring to the journal. Essays submitted to Karadeniz Araştırmaları are wanted not having published previously in any way and any language. Papers read in conferences may be accepted, unless they are published in proceeding books. Karadeniz Araştırmaları is published in Turkish. However, essays in English and Russian, as well as other Turkic dialects, are accepted with the quote of one third of the journal space. Translations are published only when texts are first-hand historical sources. The journal publishes also reviews of books and relevant scientific activities. Essays should be sent to KaraM as three print copies and a CD, and authors should follow the concerning instructions given at the website There authors receive a password for entering the system, where they can see situation of their essays within the publication process. Authors should return their essays after complementing requirements of reviewers within one month, with a print copy and a CD. Corrected essays may be resent to referees, who want to see them again. Opinions declared in published essays are personal views of authors, and can by no means be an official view of KaraM. Instructions of Writing Title: It should be compatible with the content. Please write it in black letters, together with English version (if the essay is in Turkish or Russian).
2 Name and Address of Authors: Authors should write down their full names, academic titles, institution and s in the first footnote given with (*) in 10 points. Other explanations should be given in numbered footnotes. Besides, authors should provide the editor with their full address and telephone in order to communicate with them. Summary: Authors are to write a summary at the beginning of their essays with utmost 300 words as well as five to seven keywords. Summaries should not include references, graphics and illustrations. Summary and keywords should be written in italic Times New Roman with 9 points. Text: Main body of essays should be written in MS Word 98 and newer programs, Times New Roman, 12 points and one space; and footnotes are to be the same, however, with 10 points. Direct quotations are given in quotation mark. Quotations less than five rows are given within the paragraph, and those more than five lines are written as separate paragraphs beginning 1 cm inner from the left and so from the right. Page format: The first lines of paragraphs should begin inner with 0,75 cm; there should be a space of 2 points before and after paragraphs. Texts should be justified. There should be blank area in the pages as 3 cm above, 7,5 cm below, 2,5 cm in the left and 6,5 cm in the right. Header is to be 1.75 cm and footer 6,45 cm. Subtitles are set three characters inner than previous titles. Page numbers should be given at the bottom and outside the text area. Except the first page, headers with even pages should have names of the author, and those with odd numbers should have title of the essay, all being in 9 points. Principles in Reference 1. References in Karadeniz Araştırmaları are given as footnotes with sequential numbers. Please do not make reference within the text as in (Pritsak, 1980: 81). 2. Full bibliographical data of the referred source should be given at the end. Not referred works cannot be included in the bibliography list. 3. Names of publications (book names or journal names) in footnotes are written in italic; quoted pages must be given in references. 4. Authors may use abbreviations like ibid, ibidem in the successive references to the same source. Below are instructions for footnote formats. a. For Books aa. Books with One Author: Name and surname of the author, name of the work (with volume no if any), (translator if any), publishing company, publication place and year, page no. Kemal H. Karpat, Ortadoğu da Osmanlı Mirası ve Ulusçuluk (tr. Recep Boztemur), İmge Kitabevi, Ankara 2001, p.101. Dan D. Y. Shapira, Avraham Firkowicz in Istanbul ( ): Paving the Way for Turkic Nationalism, KaraM, Ankara 2003, p
3 ab. Books With Two Authors: Name and surname of the first author - name and surname of the second author, name of the work (with volume no if any), (translator if any), publishing company, publication place and year, page no. Robert Anhegger - Halil İnalcık, Kânûnnâme-i Sultânî Ber Mûceb-i Örf-i Osmânî, Türk Tarih Kurumu Yayınları, Ankara 1956, p.49. Kurt B. Mayer Walter Buckley, Class and Society, Random House, New York 1969, p.123. ac. Books With More Than Two Authors: Name and surname of the first author et all, name of the work (with volume no if any), (translator if any), publishing company, publication place and year, page no. Durmuş Yalçın et all, Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Tarihi II, Atatürk Araştırma Merkezi, Ankara 2002, s.291. b. For Essays: Name and surname of the author, name of the article (translator if any), name of the periodical, Volume no (Roman)/Arabic numeral, publication date, page number. Osman Karatay, "Doğu Avrupa Türk Tarihinin Anahatları. Altınorda Öncesi Dönem", Karadeniz Araştırmaları, I/3, Fall 2004, pp Martha B. Olcott, The Basmachi or Freemen s Revolt in Turkestan , Soviet Studies, XXXIII/3, July 1981, p.353. c. For Thesis: Name and surname of the author, name of the thesis, the institution accepting the thesis, place and date, page no, (whether it was published or not, and whether it is master or doctoral dissertation). Atilla Sandıklı, Atatürk Dönemi Türk Dış Politikası Işığında Avrupa Birliği'ne Giriş Süreci, İstanbul Üniversitesi, Atatürk İlkeleri ve İnkılâp Tarihi Enstitüsü, İstanbul 2007, p.134. Instructions for footnote writing are given below in detail in the supplement, and authors are to follow them with great care. Principles in Giving Bibliography 1. Firstly surname of the author is written in capital letters, and then his/her name with normal writing. 2. Sources are given in alphabetical order. 3. Exact page numbers of the essays should be given. Below is a sample bibliography list: ANHEGGER Robert - Halil İnalcık, Kânûnnâme-i Sultânî Ber Mûceb-i Örf-i Osmânî, Türk Tarih Kurumu Yayınları, Ankara İLHAN Suat, "Türk Çağdaşlaşması", Atatürk Araştırma Merkezi Dergisi, VII/19, November 1990, pp KAFADAR Cemal, Between Two Worlds. The Construction of the Ottoman State, University of California Press, Berkeley
4 KARPAT Kemal H., Ortadoğu da Osmanlı Mirası ve Ulusçuluk (tr. Recep Boztemur), İmge Kitabevi, Ankara MAYER Kurt B. Walter Buckley, Class and Society, Random House, New York OLCOTT Martha B., The Basmachi or Freemen s Revolt in Turkestan , Soviet Studies, XXXIII/3, July 1981, pp SANDIKLI Atilla, Atatürk Dönemi Türk Dış Politikası Işığında Avrupa Birliği'ne Giriş Süreci, the Institute of Principles of Atatürk and History of the Reforms at the Istanbul University, İstanbul 2007 (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). YALÇIN Durmuş et all, Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Tarihi II, Atatürk Araştırma Merkezi, Ankara Principles in adding tables, illustrations and graphics 1. Supplements (documents), are given at the end of the essay, with a short description and a relevant scientific literature, if any. 2. If the other materials (table, illustration and graphic) exceed a reasonable amount for an article, they should be given as supplements with such numbered titles as: Supplementary Table 1, Supplementary Illustration 3 and Supplementary Graphic 7. They should be placed after the bibliography. References to them within the essay should be according to their numbers like Supplementary Graphic 7. If these materials are cited, their sources must be given. SUPPLEMENT: Principles in writing sources referred in footnotes A. BOOK - Book with one author: Osman Karatay, İran ile Turan, KaraM Yayınları, Ankara 2003, p Book with two authors: Bonyar Waylet - Ernest Jackh, İmparatorluk Stratejileri ve Ortadoğu (tr. Vedat Atilla), Chiviyazıları Yayınevi, 2 nd ed., Istanbul 2004, p Book with more than one author: Marian Kent et all, Osmanlı İmparatorluğu nun Sonu ve Büyük Güçler, Tarih Vakfı Yurt Yayınları, 2 nd ed., Istanbul 1999, pp Translated books: Peter B. Golden, Türk Halkları Tarihine Giriş (tr. Osman Karatay), KaraM Yayınları, Ankara 2006, p Books with more than one edition: Ernest Edmondson Ramsaur, Jön Türkler ve 1908 İhtilali (tr. Nuran Yavuz), Pozitif Yayıncılık, 5 th ed., Istanbul 2007, p Books or essays without a name of author or editor: Tarihi Yaratan 1000 Büyük Adam, Milliyet yayını, Istanbul, 1985, p
5 - Second Hand Reference After G. Fuller, Eurasia in the World Politics, Foreign Affairs, X/3, June 2000, p.44: Ziya Kaya, kitap adı, Ankara, Onur Yayınları, 1995, p.24, - Books with more than one volume Halil İnalcık, Osmanlı İmparatorluğu nun Ekonomik ve Sosyal Tarihi (tr. Halil Berktay), V.1, Eren yayını, İstanbul, 2000, p.100. B. Essays - Essays in edited books Yahya Kemal Taştan, Balkanlarda Ulusçuluk Hareketleri, Balkanlar El Kitabı I (ed. Osman Karatay - Bilgehan A. Gökdağ), Karam & Vadi Yay., Ankara 2006, pp Essays in journals Osman Karatay, Ötüken Yış Bahsine İlave: Varenglerin Yolundaki Rusya Dağları, Karadeniz Araştırmaları, V/20, Winter 2009, pp Anonymous essays in journals Balkanlarda Türk Varlığı, Toplumsal Tarih, X/7, May 1990, Ankara, p.8. - Essays in newspapers Bilgin Çelik, Balkanlarda Arnavut Sorunu, Cumhuriyet Strateji, 24 January 2005, pp Essays in e-journals Yunus Balcı, Bir Sanatkârın Bilim Adamı Olarak Portresi: Ahmet Hamdi Tanpınar, Turkish Studies, 4 /1-I Winter 2009, (20 August 2009), f, pp C. Reports - Reports with author name Fatma Gök, Öğretmen Profili Araştırma Raporu, Eğitim Bilim ve Kültür Emekçileri Sendikası Yayınları, Ankara 1999, p Reports without author name Arnavutluk Ülke Raporu, Tika Yayını, Ankara 1995, pp Reports published by an institution The Institute of Foreign Relations, Regulations Appendable to the Constitution Concerning International Relations, Siyasal Bilgiler Fakültesi Yayınları, Ankara,1990, p.33. D. Essays in encyclopedias Arnavutluk, Türk Ansiklopedisi, V.3, Istanbul, 1971, pp E. Thesis: There will be no italic letters for unpublished dissertations. Dritan Egro, Spread of Islam in Albanian Lands during the XIV-XVI. Centuries, Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation, Institute of Social Sciences at the Bilkent University, Ankara
6 F. Internet: If any internet page is referred within the text, it should be given in the bibliography with the date of download or reading. ( ) - Websites of official organizations Official website of the ministry of Foreign Relations of the Republic of Turkey, Türkiye - Ukrayna Anlaşması, ( ) - Essays in Internet journals Yunus Balcı, Bir Sanatkârın Bilim Adamı Olarak Portresi: Ahmet Hamdi Tanpınar, Turkish Studies, 4 /1-I Winter 2009, (20 August 2009), f, pp Messages sent via s to e-groups or published in forums, etc. Abdulvahap Kara, Kazak Mitolojisinin Dildeki Yansımalaları, (Message: 25), 10 July 2007, G. Papers presented in conferences Dritan Egro, Ottoman Studies in Albania, Proceedings of the XIII. Congress of Turkish History, 4-8 October 1999, V.I, TTK yayını, Ankara 2002, p.14. H. Brochures Alev Keskin, Osmanlı-Rus Harbi Harp Tarihi Broşürü, Genelkurmay Başkanlığı Askeri Tarih ve Stratejik Etüt Başkanlığı Yayınları, Ankara 2000, p.7. I. Official publications İsmet Binark, Balkan Ülkelerinin Tarihi Kaynakları Bakımından Başbakanlık Osmanlı Arşivlerinin Önemi, Başbakanlık Osmanlı Arşivi Yayını, Ankara 1996, p.87. J. Maps and schemes Touristic Map of Şanlıurfa, Map, Publication of the Şanlıurfa Governorship, J. Bulletin Newsletter of the Afyon Kocatepe University, Afyon Kocatepe Üniversitesi Yayınları, Afyon 1999, p